نقش مؤلفه های سرمایه اجتماعی بر ایجاد نهادهای اجتماعی در شهر فردوسیه- شهرستان شهریار

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار گروه برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

امروزه به دلیل کم رنگ شدن مشارکت شهروندان در امور و مسائل شهری و همچنین اعتماد اندک به این نهادها،سرمایه اجتماعی به عنوان هر آنچه که در زندگی شهروندان مهم می­باشد، با مؤلفه­هایی همانند اعتماد، مشارکت و انسجام اجتماعی در ایجاد نهادهای اجتماعی نقش به سزایی را ایفا می کند. بنابراین ضرورت مطالعه بیشتر در این زمینه که مؤلفه­های سرمایه اجتماعی در ایجاد نهادهای اجتماعی از نظر شهروندان در شهر فردوسیه چه نقشی را دارند، از اهمیت بالایی برخوردار است. مقاله حاضر در نظر دارد که به نقش مؤلفه­های سرمایه اجتماعی در ایجاد نهادهای اجتماعی محله محور در سطح شهر فردوسیه بپردازد و همچنین مقدار همبستگی آنها را در ایجاد نهاد اجتماعی محله محور تعیین کند و مؤلفه مؤثرتر را نیز مشخص نماید. نوع تحقیق در این پژوهش کاربردی و روش بررسی آن توصیفی تحلیلی و پیمایشی می­باشد و ابزار آن برای پژوهش مصاحبه و استفاده از پرسشنامه و تحلیل نتایج آن­ها با نرم­افزار SPSS است. نتایج حاصل از آزمون همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد که مؤلفه مشارکت با میزان 712/0 درصد، اعتماد با میزان 615/0 درصد و انسجام اجتماعی با 264/0 درصد به ترتیب در ایجاد نهادهای اجتماعی در شهر فردوسیه نقش تعیین کننده­ای دارند و با استفاده از آزمون رگرسیون خطی معلوم شد که در میان مؤلفه­های سرمایه اجتماعی، مؤلفه مشارکت شهروندان با 2/53 درصد در ایجاد نهادهای اجتماعی محله محور در شهر فردوسیه از اهمیت بالاتری برخوردار می باشد و یکی از ویژگی­های این نهادها بهره­گیری از نظرات شهروندان در امور شهری می­باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of components social institutions in the city Ferdowsieh of social capital - the city Shahriyar

نویسنده [English]

  • Gh.R Latifi
.
چکیده [English]

Today, due to fade citizen participation in In the affairs and urban issuesand also little trust in these institutions, social capital as per what is important is the lives of citizens With components such as trust, participation and social cohesion plays a role in creating social institutions. Therefore, further study in this field Components of social capital in the creation of social institutions in terms of what role citizens have in Ferdosiyeh is very important. In this connection, this paper considers that the role of social capital in the creation of neighborhood-based social institutions in the city to pay Ferdosiyeh As well as the correlations them in neighborhood-based social institutions determine and specify the effective component.Type of this research is applied and the method of describing-analytic review And tools for research interview and use of questionnaire and analysis of results with the SPSS software.Pearson correlation test results showed that the percentage of participation with the 0/712, 0/615 percent and social cohesion and trust with the 0/264 percent respectively in the creation of social institutions have a crucial role in Ferdosiyeh. And using linear regression analysis revealed that among the components of social capital,53/2 % of participation of citizens in neighborhood-based social institutions are more important in Ferdosiyeh And a feature of this institution is enjoying the views of citizens in municipal affairs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social institutions
  • partnership
  • trust
  • social cohesion
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