عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The introduction of any new economic activity in rural areas will have impacts on economic, social, cultural, and physical and space aspects of the community in various forms especially spatial structure and function of the area. Illegal trade activities, as an economic phenomenon, have resulted in formation of spatial organization and specific geographic perspective, and creating new activities at the same time that affects different aspects of rural life community. The study aims to investigate the different effects of this activities in the villages of the central city in the southern province of Fars, Lamerd, which seeks to understand and explain the effects of economic, social, and physical activity created by the expansion of the informal activities and their reflection to the life development of the rural settlements. This descriptive and analytic study is collected its data in two ways from documentary study and surveys (via observation, interviews and questionnaires). The sample size was resulting from Cochran formula and estimated based on 156 households. Spearman analytical tests, Xi-two, Friedman and Factor Analysis were used in addition to descriptive statistics to analyze the data. The results show that immigrants in this region as the largest importers of contraband in the region, which is adjacent to the countries of the Persian Gulf, have the greatest impact on the development of rural settlements. So, it has a significant economic, social and physical effects on the studied villages that leads to founding too many high income professional activities in the region. Also, according to factor analysis and Friedman, the most effectiveness of this type of activities was on the economic, physical and social fields, respectively.